Friday, May 22, 2020
Throughout the play A Few Good Men, there are multiple ethical issues taking place which involve different characters. Some of these ethical issues include, having a lazy work ethic and not caring how personal actions affect other people. In addition to this, other ethical issues include not thinking decisions through fully, and even choosing to follow a superiorÃ¢â¬â¢s orders when following personal morals would be the better choice. Multiple characters in the play are involved in more than one of these ethical issues. At the start of the play, we see that Kaffee, the Navy lawyer who represents Downey and Dawson, has a lazy work ethic. For example, he would rather play softball than be at work helping a client. Also, Kaffee doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t wantÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore, he attempted his hide his mistake. From other perspectives, Jessep would genally be viewed as a traitor or just a cold-hearted marine. If I were a friend of JessepÃ¢â¬â¢s, I would have advised him to come forward with the truth instead of trying to cover his trail. Finally, probably the most popular and the most perplexing ethical issue of the play is Dawson and DowneyÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to go through with the ordered code red. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to say whether this issue is either ethical or unethical because it is in such a grey area. According to the play, the marines are to always follow orders from superiors and never question those orders. If they do, there will be consequences. So, since Jessep ordered the code red and Dawson and Downey were only part of the chain of command, did Dawson and Downey do anything wrong? This is where the issue gets cloudy. Dawson and Downey had to make a choice on whether to do the right thing and follow their morals and save Santiago. Their other choice was to follow orders, play it safe, and do what they have been trained to do which is follow orders. Ultimately, they messed up because they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t help someone who was in n eed. If I were a friend or mentor of these men, I would have advised them to disobey and follow their morals. They would have also been presented with consequences for taking this path, but they should have chosen to endure them for Santiago. IShow MoreRelatedWhat Are Athletic Training?1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshad more injuries in the thigh than femalesÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Male, Female; The Evolution of Human Sex DifferencesÃ¢â¬Å"). WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s knees and hips are more likely than men to get a type of injury because of the way a woman is built. Women have pelvisÃ¢â¬â¢ that are wider than men; this causes the knee to angle into the hip, while men are more centered than a woman. In men, the hips are in line with the center of the patella, that is the center of the knee. Furthermore, this makes them less likely to tear or stress theRead MoreThe Problem About Using Sex in Advertisements Essay1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthis advertising already is positively chaste. During the n ext 93 years, sex is become a disputed and inevitable theme in advertising application. The use of sex in advertising has become a major selling method in the society in today, but the people who from different culture always have different acceptability of sex, even cause the negative reaction to affect the products. This issue paper will talk about the problem about sex use in advertising, and through an in-depth examination of the researchRead MoreShould Prostitution Be Sanctioned And Is It Moral?992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunbending perspective of ladies sexuality exists now very nearly two centuries later than there was then. In 2011 men and ladies can have an alternate perspective of prostitution and particular approaches to adjust the issue. Men today as they did right around 200 years back might want to see prostitution legitimized and directed. Ladies still consider prostitution to be they did an ethical issue that necessities transformed. The information recommends that a c ouple of things have changed with regards toRead MoreA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDuring the motion picture Ã¢â¬Å"A Few Good MenÃ¢â¬ it obscures the inquiry whether disobedience or obedience is the rational distinction and at what instant does following the orders turn into blind obedience and submission? Furthermore, the movie complicates this theme by establishing military culture where disobedience to a higher power invokes dire repercussions. One example in the motion picture is when United States Marines Lance Corporal Harold Dawson and Private Louden Downey where instructed by theirRead MoreThe Bookdock Saints : Moral Dilemma1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthis paper is to walk through most of them and explain how they relate to the underlying moral dilemma. Viewers of this movie are faced with a choice of whether to embrace the actions of the brothers or to condemn them which is not only the overall theme of the movie but also the moral dilemma that adds to the suspense of the movie. The movie opens to a violent crime scene where two Russian mobsters have been beat to death. We later find out that these two mobsters were beat by the two main charactersRead More X-Men III: A Review Essay843 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfictional comic book superhero crew, X-Men, to life. When a young mutants extraordinary power is discovered and an unexpected visitor returns things take a change for the worse and the mutants have to battle against time to defeat the Phoenix before it can no longer be controlled. Both teams of mutants are fighting for Jean Greys ( the Phoenix) amazing abilities, but which team will she join? Ã Throughout the film many ethical issues arise about playing God. A good example is when a group of scientistsRead MoreMaster Filmaker Akira Kurosawa1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesadmired. In addition he had remarkable stylistic influence on international filmmaking. Many who are interested in films or filmmaking are deeply impressed by the level of Kurosawas vision and his numerous film achievements. Also, the universal themes of ethics; and the humanism of Akira Kurosawas films made him a fantastic representation of Japans cultural reshaping post World War II. Mr. Kurosawas work is not confined by politics, age, or gender, but is shaped by the challenges of existenceRead MoreBad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment by James H. Jones1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesExperiment by James H. Jones Introduction The book BAD BLOOD: THE TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS EXPERIMENT by James H. Jones was a very powerful compilation of years of astounding research, numerous interviews, and some very interesting positions on the ethical and moral issues associated with the study of human beings under the Public Health Service (PHS). The Tuskegee study had nothing to do with treatment Ãâ¦ it was a nontherapeutic experiment, aimed at compiling data on the effects of the spontaneous evolutionRead MoreBad Blood: the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment Essays1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBy 22 November 2004 Introduction The book BAD BLOOD: THE TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS EXPERIMENT by James H. Jones was a very powerful compilation of years of astounding research, numerous interviews, and some very interesting positions on the ethical and moral issues associated with the study of human beings under the Public Health Service (PHS). The Tuskegee study had nothing to do with treatment Ãâ¦ it was a nontherapeutic experiment, aimed at compiling data on the effects of the spontaneous evolutionRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Black Fish 1148 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespeople and business. There are few corporations like SeaWorld in the entertainment/amusement park industry that are profitable, such as Disney and Six Flags, who make millions to billions of dollars every year. People love entertainment and are willing to spend lots of money to acquire it; this is why entrepreneurs who developed these different forms of entertainment are successful. Black Fish is an evidence revealing documentary that breaks down the fla ws and issues associated with SeaWorld. The
Posted by Unknown at 2:45 PM
Saturday, May 9, 2020
Every effort is made to distribute our findings so that all of the public cannot ignore the wholesale infliction of pain and suffering onto our school children, and the role Ã¢â¬Å"paddlingÃ¢â¬ schools play in teaching our children that physically aggressive and coercive resolutions of conflict are legitimate. Contributing to the problem of violence by making children feel rejected and isolated, corporal punishment is unsafe in and of itself, but its discriminate application may be co-incident with problems unique to racial and gender identity and esteem, as well as academic and social confidence and competence. Through familiarity, or the result of apathy or biased reasoning, people apparently can become accustomed to disproportionality. Most of us seem to accept as legitimate the percentages of involvement in retributive punishment that would be, in the opinion of this author, the most astounding overrepresentations. These corporal punishment figures and their proportions are not secreted away, outside of public view. Yet they seem to lack sufficient general interest to sustain public concern over the issue. Through generations of exposure, it seems that we casually accept the presumption that any penalty imposed by our institutions must, therefore, fit an offense for which that penalty is just. This is the conclusion that we believe the fellow students who are exposed to paddlings draw: if one of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s representatives of authority is striking someone, then he or sheShow MoreRelatedEffect of Corporal and Non-Corporal Punishment on Academic Achievement of Elementary School C hildren with Reference to Gender and Board of Education1808 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesEffect of Corporal and Non-Corporal Punishment on Academic Achievement of Elementary School Children with Reference to Gender and Board of Education S.V.Sindhu and Mahjabeen The present investigation attempts to study the effect of corporal and non-corporal punishment on academic achievement of elementary school children with reference to gender and Board of education. A random sample of 180 elementary school children belonging to the age group of 10 years, both boys and girls hailing from CBSERead More Corporal Punishment in Schools Essay1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCorporal Punishment in Schools I wrote this paper for Contemporary Moral Issues class. This was an assignment of our choice and I chose to do this topic, because the week before in Intro to Education we had discussed discipline methods and I was astonished to learn that corporal punishment still existed in schools. I am hoping that by including this piece of work on my webfolio others will become aware that corporal punishment is alive and used often in our schools. In theRead MoreEffectiveness of Corporal Punishment1320 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Ã¢â¬Å"Hitting people is wrong Ã¢â¬â And children are people tooÃ¢â¬ (Hammarberg, T. 2007). It is often very difficult to decide what form of punishment is most efficient in eliciting avoidance behaviors. For a number of years the debate about the use and effectiveness of corporal punishment by teachers has divided educators, parents and ministry officials. As a result, researchers has tried their best to determine whether punishment or harm to a child does indeed thwart misbehavior and encourageRead More Corporal Punishment Essay895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCorporal punishment is a very controversial topic that is being discussed amongst educators across the nation. Corporal punishment refers to any physical form of punishment, but in this case it refers to in schools. Currently there are many different terms used to label corporal punishment, for example, it has been called spanking, paddling, caning, lashing, popping, smacking, whipping or beating. Each term carries its own different meaning, but they all represents some form of corporal punishmentRead MoreCorporal Punishment919 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCorporal punishment is a very controversial topic that is being discussed amongst educators across the nation. Corporal punishment refers to any physical form of punishment, but in this case it refers to in schools. Currently there are many different terms used to label corporal punishment, for example, it has been called spanking, paddling, caning, lashing, popping, smacking, whipping or beating. Each term carries its own different meaning, but they all represents some form of corporal punishmentRead MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesviewpoint on corporal punishment; some of the reviews take a look at who is most affected by corporal punishment in terms of focusing their lens on race, socio-economic status, gender, culture etc. Some also take a critical look at the advantages and disadvantages of corporal punish ment. Some take a look at the widespread of corporal punishment in the US. Cases against corporal punishment and the effect of corporal punishment on children were also looked into. With all the different ways corporal punishmentRead MoreCorporal Punishment in Schools1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCorporal Punishment in Schools Corporal punishment is the deliberate infliction of pain as retribution for an offence, or for the purpose of disciplining or reforming a wrongdoer, or to deter attitudes or behaviour deemed unacceptable (Miller, Vandome, amp; McBrewster, 2009). Corporal punishment can be divided into three categories, these include: judicial, domestic and school. For the purpose of this essay we will be focusing on school corporal punishment, the advantages and guidelines to followRead MoreCorporal Punishment Should Be Banned1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescourse, it is no surprise that corporal punishment against school going children is one of the most controversial topics throughout the globe, including within political, academic, and general public debates at large. A detailed review of available literature on the topic reveals that the academic discussion is divided into those who argue that corporal punishment is effective and necessary in schools, and those who argue that the risks and disadvanta ges of corporal punishment far outweigh its benefitsRead MoreCorporal Punishment in Schools Should Be Abolished1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCorporal punishment in schools should be abolished Corporal punishment has been used in schools as a way of handling disciplinary problems. It refers to school rules which allow students to be punished using physical pain without causing injury. It is believed that using punitive method can promote studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ obedience and reduce problematic behaviour. As a result, it can decrease the number of disciplinary cases and maintain order inside the classroom. Indirectly, it will help to build studentsÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreThe Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChildren and Corporal Punishment Punishing children has been one of the most controversial parenting topics this generation has seen. Physical punishment or corporal punishment is simple defined as the use of physical force with the purpose of initiating pain, but not wound, to teach the proper behavior of a child. Corporal punishment has been used for many centuries in schools and in homes but the use of such techniques have since decreased and are not being used in many places today. Evidence
Posted by Unknown at 10:22 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Human resource, commonly known as the employees or working staff, are said to be the life blood of an organization. They work for the establishment. They are the ones who serve the clients or customers. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivation of Employees or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefore, within these people rests the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to perform its daily operations, achieve its short and long-term objectives, and eventually be one of the foundations of the success, or failure, of the organization. Thus, the need to, not just satisfy the customers of the establishment, but delight the employees as well. Situations that commonly happen in an organization include poor performance of employees, lack of dedication to work, dissatisfaction with the job and the work environment, and more. All these may bring about even worse scenarios like adversely affecting daily operations, and/or labor union strikes, which definitely paralyze the establishmentÃ¢â¬â¢s operations. Thus, management must not only consider the gratification of its customers but the value of employee satisfaction as well, thus the need for employee motivation. More so, motivated employees contribute to the survival of the organization (Lindler, 1998). As a matter of fact, managementÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation of employees in various ways seems to be a very essential matter nowadays. This is because Ã¢â¬Å"motivation is requisite to learningÃ¢â¬ (Stack, 2007). And motivation itself may come through either extrinsic or intrinsic forms, or both. Extrinsic motivation is Ã¢â¬Å"external inducement, namely recognition, incentives/bonuses, or rewardsÃ¢â¬ (Malone Lepper, 1987). Employees frequently complain about low salaries, insufficient incentives, unsatisfactory benefits, and the like. And it cannot be denied that these are material reasons why employees tend to resign from their jobs, thus the potential for losing customer value because employee dissatisfaction and lack of loyalty. This type of motivation can be considered effective for those employees who have goals of promotional incentives. According to Michael Williams (1996), extrinsic motivators, such as rewards, added benefits good feedback, and good expectations, may be utilized to boost the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ effort to learn. In stirring employees with external motivators, management associates rewards to positive and constructive behavior. It is almost always inherent in every employee to feel valued by management when their performance are appreciated or praised. They usually develop the drive to perform better in their work because of the incentives received, and possibly future inducements which may be received if more effort is exerted. Intrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is viewed as promoting learning that is Ã¢â¬Å"explorative, self-regulated and aimed at deep-level processing, exploration, and reflectionÃ¢â¬ (Martens, Bastiaens, Kirschner, 2007). This type of motivation, therefore, lacks or does not totally include external inducements. Intrinsic motivators include setting own goals for learning, placing importance on skills and contentment, being readily productive, and more. Employees are in themselves motivated to work effectively. This is not primarily because of incentives or rewards, but because they recognize the need to do so, in order to be able to perform their tasks well, become productive and serve as assets to the company. This type of motivation poses a more mature drive to learn and perform well, lacking the presence of tangible incentives. Malone and Lepper (1987) describe this as Ã¢â¬Å"what people will do without external inducementsÃ¢â¬ (Malone Lepper, 1987). This type of motivation is possess by those employees who seek no additional reward from management but simply recognizes the interest and enjoyment in performing their tasks. No matter, as more dynamic business communities emerge, the more there is the need not simply to employ people who are capable of performing the task well but the need as well to motivate them, and make them learn to motivate themselves and love their work. Reference: Lindner, J.R. (1998, June). Understanding Employee Motivation. Journal of Extension, 36, 3. Malone, T.W., Lepper, M.R. (1987). Making Learning Fun: Taxonomy of Intrinsic Motivations for Learning. In Aptitude, Learning and Instruction: Cognitive and Affective Process Analyses, p. 255-286. Martens, R., Bastiaens, T., Kirschner, P. (2007, May). New Learning Design in Distance Education: The Impact on Student Perception and Motivation. Distance Education, 28 (1), 81-93. Stack, K. (2007). Motivation: Extrinsic and Intrinsic. In B. Hoffman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. Retrieved on February 18, 2008 from http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/motivation/start.htm. Ã Ã How to cite Motivation of Employees, Essay examples
Posted by Unknown at 10:11 AM
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
The Parent/Child relationship is a bond of unquestionable love and unity Essay The hardest part of raising a child is like teaching them to ride a bicycle. A shaky child on a bicycle for the first time needs both support and freedom. The realisation that this support is no longer wanted by the child- hits hard. This connection and urge to keep holding on is tied between the parent and child with the Red rope of love. Four poets who explore the immense poignancy of the Parent/Child relationship are, Seamus Heaney: Digging, and Follower, Gillian Clarke: Catrin, and William Yeats: Song of the Old Mother.Seamus Heaney, in the poem Digging unlike Catrin and Song of the Old Mother, writes in the position of the child: reminiscing the time when he looked up to his father and grandfather. Although Heaney is guilt-felt; that he didnt live up the family tradition of becoming a farmer, he feels adequate and tries to justify his own job. Similarly, in Follower Heaney evokes watching and admiring his father when working. The title is both literal and metaphorical as to say Heaney followed his father as a young child. However, Heaney ends the poem stating that his father is now stumbling. Gillian Clarke on the other hand, portrays the struggles between a mother and daughter from the point of conception to separation at teenage; whilst William Yeats writes in the place of a mother who grows feeble and cold because of her care-free children whose days go over in idleness.Each of the poets use a range of powerful linguistic devices to reveal the theme of the Parent/ Child relationship. For example, Heaney uses a central extended metaphor of Digging to portray how he is Digging back his roots through his writing. Even though he may not have the skills to follow- he still values the sense of connection with both his father and grandfather. These skills which Heaney admires are displayed in the poem Follower. The choice of Heaneys vocabulary illustrates that his fathers an, An expert. He creates an image of a Godlike figure to express that his father was not simple but highly skilled. In spite of this, the pride he has in his father which he delivers to the reader throughout the poem contrasts to when he exclaims his father will not go away in the final stanza.Perhaps Heaney aims to reveal that his fathers love is unconditional and it cannot be broken by age. Likewise, Gillian Clarke uses an extended metaphor- for the umbilical cord insisting that the eternal bond will never be broken due to The red rope of Love. This statement which Clarke makes mirrors what Heaney intends to put across in Follower. Conversely, in the poem Song of the Old Mother Yeats uses onomatopoeic verbs to reflect the loneliness of a mother- the narrator only hears the sounds of her chores, scrub, bake and sweep.The pessimistic poem shows a juxtaposition of her life and her childrens life. Nevertheless, like the parents in Digging, Follower and Catrin the narrator in this poem does not give up. She keeps working until she gets feeble and cold making it very clear to the reader that she is putting all of her effort to ensure that she is determined to give her children the best life. This poem in particular is very poignant- showing to what extent a parent would go just to support their child.Structurally, each poem cleverly shows the reader the different viewpoints of the way children and parents relate to each other. For instance, in Digging the paragraph beginning at stanza 15 separates the two paragraphs about the memory with his father, and grandfather. Perhaps this sheds light upon Heaneys jealousy of his fathers and grandfathers relationship. Yet through his words ..and im tired..and this solitary moment make me wnt to come bakk : again highlighting that he once looked up to his father. Unlike Digging this poem consists of an ambivalent tone where his emotions like his relationship with his father are complicated. Exactly how Digging and Follower are structured according to the different perceptions of the poet, Catrin too is made of 2 stanzas.The 1st stanza illustrates the moment of conception, and the 2nd stanza depicts the child who is then a teenager- demanding more independence. Both stanzas convey the mothers struggle. Clarke may have chosen to write this poem in 2 stanzas to create an image of a tug-of-war game where the rope in the game is the- Red rope of love. The tone of the poem is very conversational and emotional where the poet puts herself in the place of a mother in this particular situation. However, in Song of the Old Mother Yeats sustains the enjambment throughout the poem showing the never ending routine of her difficult life. More to the point, the number of syllables decrease in each stanza: possibly to show the weakening of her effort to support her care-free children. This specific poem has a very bitter tone which is emphasised the most in the line, their day goes over in idleness.The poem I can most relate to is Catrin as a teenager I know that I insist that I gain more independence. Thi s sudden change becomes very difficult for a parent; not to understand but to accept. The Red rope of love will always exist although it cannot be seen. Its like a boat tied to a harbour wall. The rope is hidden and looks as if its free but it isnt. For me, Song of the Old Mother is a particularly effective poem because the poet instantly puts forward a bleak vision of motherhood-an experience which no mother should have to be put through. Its a wakeup call to all children who dream in their bed of the matching of ribbons.
Posted by Unknown at 8:06 PM
Friday, March 20, 2020
Amerigo Vespucci, Explorer and Navigator Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) was a Florentine sailor, explorer, and trader. He was one of the more colorful characters of the early age of discovery in the Americas and captained one of the first journeys to the New World. His lurid descriptions of the New World natives made his accounts extremely popular in Europe and as a result, it is his name - Amerigo - which eventually would be modified into America and given to two continents. Early Life Amerigo was born into a wealthy family of Florentine silk traders who had a princely estate near the city of Peretola. They were very prominent citizens of Florence and many Vespuccis held important offices. Young Amerigo received an excellent education and served for a time as a diplomat before settling in Spain just in time to witness the excitement of Columbus first voyage. He decided that he, too, wanted to be an explorer. The Alonso de Hojeda Expedition In 1499, Vespucci joined the expedition of Alonso de Hojeda (also spelled Ojeda), a veteran of Columbus second voyage. The 1499 expedition included four ships and was accompanied by well-known cosmographer and cartographer Juan de la Cosa, who had gone on Columbus first two voyages. The expedition explored much of the northeastern coast of South America, including stops in Trinidad and Guyana. They also visited a tranquil bay and named it Venezuela, or Little Venice. The name stuck. Like Columbus, Vespucci suspected that he may have been looking at the long-lost Garden of Eden, the Earthly Paradise. The expedition found some gold, pearls, and emeralds and captured some slaves for sale, but still was not very profitable. Return to the New World Vespucci had earned a reputation as a skilled sailor and leader during his time with Hojeda, and he was able to convince the King of Portugal to finance a three-ship expedition in 1501. He had become convinced during his first trip that the lands he had seen were not, in fact, Asia, but something altogether new and previously unknown. The purpose of his 1501-1502 journey, therefore, became the location of a practical passage to Asia. He explored the eastern coast of South America, including much of Brazil, and may have gone as far as the Platte River in Argentina before returning to Europe. On this journey, he became more convinced than ever that the recently discovered lands were something new: the coast of Brazil that he had explored was much too far to the south to be India. This put him at odds with Christopher Columbus, who insisted until his death that the lands he had discovered were, in fact, Asia. In Vespuccis letters to his friends and patrons, he explained his new theories. Fame and Celebrity Vespuccis journey was not an extremely important one in relation to many of the others taking place at the time. Nevertheless, the seasoned navigator found himself something of a celebrity within a short time due to the publication of some letters he had allegedly written to his friend, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Published under the name Mundus Novus (New World) the letters became an immediate sensation. They included fairly direct (for the sixteenth century) descriptions of sexuality (naked women!) as well as the radical theory that the recently discovered lands were, in fact, new. Mundus Novis was followed closely by a second publication, Quattuor Americi Vesputi Navigationes (Four Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci). Supposedly letters from Vespucci to Piero Soderini, a Florentine statesman, the publication describes four voyages (1497, 1499, 1501 and 1503) undertaken by Vespucci. Most historians believe some of the letters to be fakes: there is little other evidence that Vespucci even made the 1497 and 1503 journeys. Whether some of the letters were fakes or not, the two books were immensely popular in Europe. Translated into several languages, they were passed around and discussed exhaustively. Vespucci became an instant celebrity and was asked to serve on the committee which advised the King of Spain about New World policy. America In 1507, Martin WaldseemÃ ¼ller, who worked in the town of Saint-DiÃ © in Alsace, published two maps together with Cosmographiae Introductio, an introduction to cosmography. The book included the purported letters from VespucciÃ¢â¬â¢s four voyages as well as sections reprinted fromÃ Ptolemy. On the maps, he referred to the newly discovered lands as Ã¢â¬Å"America,Ã¢â¬ in honor of Vespucci. It included an engraving of Ptolemy looking to the East and Vespucci looking to the West. WaldseemÃ ¼ller also gave Columbus plenty of credit, but it was the name America that stuck in the New World. Later Life Vespucci only ever made two journeys to the New World. When his fame spread, he was named to a board of royal advisers in Spain along with former shipmate Juan de la Cosa, Vicente YÃ ±ez PinzÃ ³n (captain of the NiÃ ±a on ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ first voyage) and Juan DÃ az de SolÃ s. Vespucci was namedÃ Piloto Mayor, Ã¢â¬Å"Chief PilotÃ¢â¬ of the Spanish Empire, in charge of establishing and documenting routes to the west. It was a lucrative and important position as all expeditions needed pilots and navigators, all of whom were answerable to him. Vespucci established a school of sorts, to train pilots and navigators, modernize long-distance navigation, collect charts and journals and basically collect and centralize all cartographic information. He died in 1512. Legacy Were it not for his famous name, immortalized on not one but two continents,Ã Amerigo VespucciÃ would today no doubt be a minor figure in world history, well-known to historians but unheard of outside of certain circles. Contemporaries such as Vicente YÃ ±ez PinzÃ ³n and Juan de la Cosa were arguably more important explorers and navigators. Heard of them? DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to lessen VespucciÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments, which were considerable. He was a very talented navigator and explorer who was respected by his men. When he served as Piloto Mayor, he encouraged key advances in navigation and trained future navigators. His letters Ã¢â¬â whether he actually wrote them or not Ã¢â¬â inspired many to learn more about the New World and colonize it. He was neither the first nor the last to envision the route to the west that was eventually discovered byÃ Ferdinand MagellanÃ andÃ Juan Sebastin Elcano, but he was one of the best-known. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s even arguable that he deserves the eternal recognition of having his name on North and South America. He was one of the first to openly defy the still-influential Columbus and declare that the New World was, in fact, something new and unknown and not simply a previously-uncharted part of Asia. It took courage to contradict not only Columbus but all of the ancient writers (such asÃ Aristotle) who had no knowledge of continents to the west. Source: Thomas, Hugh.Ã Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellan.Ã New York: Random House, 2005.
Posted by Unknown at 6:22 AM
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
How to Keep Your Christmas Tree From Drying Out Whether you buy your Christmas tree from a lot or hike deep into the woods to cut your own, youll need to keep it fresh if you want it to last the holiday season. Maintaining your evergreen will ensure that it looks its best and prevent potential safety hazards. It will also make cleanup easier when Christmas is over and its time to say goodbye to the tree. Select a Long-Lasting Tree Consider the kind of tree you want. MostÃ fresh cut trees, if properly cared for (using the steps below), should last at least five weeks before completely drying out. Some species hold their moisture content longer than others. TheÃ treesÃ that retain moisture the longest are the Fraser fir, Noble fir, and Douglas fir. The Eastern red cedar and Atlantic white cedar rapidly lose moisture and should be used only for a week or two. 'Refresh' Your Tree If youre buying a tree from a lot, odds are the evergreen was harvested days or weeks earlier and has already begun drying out. WhenÃ a tree is harvested, the sliced trunk oozes with pitch,Ã sealingÃ the transport cells that provide water to the needles. You will need to refreshÃ your ChristmasÃ tree and open up the clogged cells so that the tree can deliver appropriate moisture to the foliage. Using a tree saw, make a straight cut along the bottom of the trunk- taking at least one inch off the original harvest cut- and immediately place the new cut in water. This will improve water uptake once the tree is on its stand. Even if your tree is freshly cut, you should still place the base in a bucket of water until youre ready to bring it inside. Use the Proper Stand The average Christmas tree is about six to seven feet tall and has a trunk diameter of four to six inches. A standard tree stand should be able to accommodate it. Trees are thirsty and can absorb a gallon of water a day, so look for a stand that holds 1 to 1.5 gallons. Water the new tree until water uptake stops and continue to maintain the level of the stands full mark. Keep the water at that mark through the season. There are dozens of Christmas tree stands for sale, ranging from basic metal models that sell for about $15 to elaborate self-leveling plastic units that cost more than $100. How much you choose to spend will depend on your budget, the size of your tree, and how much effort you want to put into making sure your tree is straight and stable. Keep Your Tree Hydrated Always keep the base of your tree submerged in regular tap water. When the stands water remains topped-up, the tree cut will not form a resinous clot over the cut end and the tree will be able to absorb water and retain moisture. You dont need to add anything to the tree water, say tree experts, such as commercially prepared mixes, aspirin, sugar, or other additives. Research has shown that plain water will keep a tree fresh. To make watering your tree easier, consider buying a funnel and a three- toÃ four-footÃ tube. Slip the tube over the funnel outlet, extend the tubing down into the tree stand, and water without bending over or disturbing the tree skirt. Hide this system in an out-of-the-way part of the tree. Practice Safety Keeping your tree fresh does more than maintain its appearance. Its also a good way to prevent fires caused by strings of tree lights or other electric decorations. Maintain all electric accessories on and around the tree. Check for worn Christmas tree lightÃ electrical cords and always unplug the complete system at night. Remember that miniature lights produce less heat than large lights and reduce the drying effect on the tree, which lessens the chance of starting aÃ fire. Additional safety tips are available from the National Fire Prevention Association. Dispose of Your Tree Properly Take the tree down before it dries completely and becomes a fire hazard. A tree that is totally dry will have brittle greenish gray needles. Be sure to remove all ornaments, lights, tinsel, and other decor before taking down the tree. Many municipalities have laws dictating how to dispose of a tree; you may have to bag the tree for curbside disposal or drop it off for recycling. Check your citys website for details.
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Sunday, February 16, 2020
MANAGEMENT DECISION-MAKING - Case Study Example Moreover, there are many suppliers to supply the needs of the industry. The industry is boosted by scenic views and rugged coastline of the Bahamas that attracts tourists. The country also offers attractive terms and an enabling environment to boost tourism terms in the country. The company relies mostly on experienced divers for business. However, the company is designing packages for families to increase their customer base. The point implies that the number of clients who visit its resorts determines the company revenues. The business depend on foreign tourism. The situation implies that the international environment affects the industry. Factors such as economic recession and conflicts derail international travel thereby hindering tourism in the country. The profitability of the company is on an upward trend. The profit margin ratio shows an increase from a ratio of 0.06 in 2005 to 0.07 in 2007. However, a sudden shock in 2006 causes a sharp fall in profits. Students should be able to comment on how each of the 5 factors below, which are typically directly or indirectly, an issue in the case are factors within the context of the case and are effecting the performance of the
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